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Christopsomo: A Greek Christmas Bread Recipe

Christopsomo is one of my favorite Christmas recipes. The Greek word for Christopsomo is Χριστόψωμο which literally means Christ’s Bread. This bread is one of the oldest Greek Christmas traditions. Making Christopsomo is really symbolic and has a religious significance in Greek Christmas.

Bread, in general, plays an important role in Greeks’ everyday nutrition. During celebrations, they try to have a better quality bread at their table. As a result, Christopsomo replaces bread during Christmas. Greeks usually make Christopsomo 2-3 days before Christmas and consider it more like an offering to Christ. For this reason, they make it with real care and they use the purest materials to ensure happiness and good luck in the New Year that follows. In many places around Greece, families leave pieces of this bread on the table on Christmas Eve as they believe that Christ will come at night and eat them.

This Christopsomo recipe will take you around 2 hours to prepare and around 45 minutes to cook. Don’t forget to make the cross on top of the Christopsomo and place the walnut in the middle!


Christopsomo – Ingredients

  • 300 g of cold water
  • 20 g of active dry yeast
  • 500 g of unbleached bread flour, plus more for surface and more if needed
  • 10 g of salt
  • 20 g of sugar
  • 20 g of Greek olive oil
  • 5 g of mahlab powder
  • Zest of one lemon
  • 3 tablespoons sesame seeds
  • 1 whole walnut

Christopsomo – Instructions

  1. Start this Greek Christmas bread recipe by placing the yeast and water in a mixer bowl.
  2. Dissolve with a whisk.
  3. Sift flour over a bowl. Add sugar, salt, olive oil, mahlab and lemon zest.
  4. Beat mixture until it becomes smooth and elastic (5-10 minutes)
  5. Place dough in a large bowl. Cover it with a cloth. Allow it to rest for around 15 minutes at room temperature.
  6. Place bowl in the mixer. Lightly beat for another 5 minutes.
  7. Again, cover Christopsomo with a cloth and let it rest for around 10 minutes at room temperature.
  8. Take a small pan and grease it.
  9. Take two pieces from the dough and shape them into two long ropes (around 8-inch-long each).
  10. Shape remaining dough into a ball.
  11. Place it in a pan.
  12. Take the two dough ropes and create a cross over the top of the Cristopsomo.
  13. Take a pastry brush. Brush with water. Spread over the sesame seeds.
  14. Cover and let rise 1 hour at room temperature.
  15. Preheat oven to 350° F.
  16. Uncover dough.
  17. Place and push well the walnut in the center of the cross.
  18. Bake at 350° F for 40 minutes or until it is golden brown.
  19. Remove from oven. Brush surface with some olive oil.
  20. Allow it to cool and remove from pan.

I hope the Cristopsomo you make will bring to you happiness and prosperity. Stay tuned for more traditional Greek recipes. Merry Christmas everybody!

P.S: Please help me grow my blog by sharing this recipe to your social media pages! Thank you so much!

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